In the year 1943, a committee by the name of Bhore Health & Development Committee was formed to study the problems of public health related to safe drinking water & drainage facility to the public of the state and assess financial requirements there of. Its report was published in the year 1946 & the commitment of the government to implement its recommendations gave an impetus to expansion of public health engineering department . In the year 1949 a separate department of local self government at the secretariats level was created. This resulted in christening of public health engineering department as Local Self Government Engineering Department (LSGED) in the year 1949 & this name remained as such till 17th June 1975.
In the year 1975, the state government promulgated the Uttar Pradesh water supply and sewerage act, 1975 through U.P. act. No 43 of 1975 empowering itself to constitute a corporation by the name of Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam with effect from a date to be notified in the Gazette. Gazette notification No. 2516(2)/xvii-v-1-60-1978 dated 18th September 1978 States that UP act No.43 of 1975 shall be deemed to have come into force on June 18, 1975. Which has become the date of creation of UP Jal Nigam as well. In accordance to principal provisions of section 37 of the act No 43 of 1975, every person who was employed in the LSGED of the state govt. shall become employee of the Nigam subject to various mandatory conditions.
Under the above Act, provision was made that if in the opinion of the State Government, local conditions so require, for the improvement of water supply and sewerage services in any area, it may constitute a body to be known as Jal Sansthan for the area. As such, Jal Sansthans were created in 5 KAVAL towns i.e., Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Agra & Lucknow. Three Jal Sansthans were also created namely Jhansi Dvision Jal Sansthan for Bundelkhand region, Kumaon Jal Sansthan for Kumaon region, Garhwal Jal Sansthan for Garhwal region. While the KAVAL Jal Sansthan were made responsible for the operation and maintenance of water supply and sewerage systems of respective towns, the regional Jal Sansthans were given power for Operation and maintenance of rural and urban Water Supply and sewerage works falling under their specific jurisdiction as notified in the Gazette. The Jhansi Jal Sansthan was further bifurcated into Jhansi Jal Sansthan with HQ at Jhansi and Chitrakoot Dham Jal Sansthan with HQ at Kawi.
U.P.Jal Nigam has been given power to prepare, execute & promote water supply, sewerage/ River pollution Control Works etc all over the state. U.P.Jal Nigam shall hand over such works for maintenance to local bodies in urban areas and to respective Jal Sansthans, in their jurisdiction. In the rural area, other than as specified in the jurisdiction of Jal Sansthan, water supply projects are being maintained by U.P.Jal Nigam. Hand pumps in rural areas all over UP were earlier maintained by UP Jal Nigam, which have been handed over to respective village panchayats.
In the Year 2000, the Government of India promulgated an act No 29 on 25th August 2000 in the name of the Uttar Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000 to provide for the reorganization of the existing state of Uttar Pradesh & for matters connected therewith. In accordance with this act a new state named as UTTRANCHAL was formed comprising of 13 districts of the existing state of Uttar Pradesh. These districts are named below.